The Earth is the Center of the Universe
Lightning Never Strikes in the Same Place Twice
It’s a huge misconception that lightning never strikes the same place twice. In reality, lightning can hit in the same area multiple times during the same storm. There’s plenty of video of this happening online. Not to mention, skyscrapers, like the Empire State Building, are guaranteed to be struck each time a thunderstorm passes through.
Blood is Blue
Our veins may appear blue through the skin, but our blood isn’t blue. Human blood contains hemoglobin, which carries iron. The iron reacts with the oxygen in our cells, and that’s what causes our blood to appear red. Regardless of how oxygen-rich our blood cells are, our blood will always be red—although the shade may vary.
Piltdown Man was the Missing Link
The Piltdown Man was supposedly a missing link between humans and our ancestors. In 1912, Charles Dawson and Smith Woodward discovered a set of teeth, a jawbone, and skull fragments that were suggested to be 500,000 years old. However, in 1949, new dating technology revealed that the artifacts were 50,00 years old. This eliminates the possibility of Piltdown Man being a missing link.
The Flu Vaccine Protects You 100% Against the Flu
Vaccines can help protect you against a virus, but they’re not 100% effective. Depending on the year, the flu shot can be up to 60% effective. Additionally, if you do contract the flu, the symptoms won't be as bad. After the shot, your body creates antibodies to fight the virus about two weeks after the injection. If you get the flu, your body will deploy the antibodies to help you get well faster.
Different Parts of the Tongue Taste Different Things
This scientific misconception comes from a 1901 German scientist who got a little too artistic with his paper. Instead of explaining that our tongue has different sensitivity points (which is true), he made it seem as though our tongue had varying sensitivity for different tastes. The fact of the matter is that our tongue is just as sensitive to sour flavors at the tip as it is sweet or bitter.
Humans Use 10% of Their Brain
Waking Up Sleepwalkers Hurts Them
Archaeoraptor was the Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs
The Archaeoraptor was supposed to be the missing link between birds and dinosaurs. Well, the discovered fossil was actually a combination of three to five different species. It boiled down to scientists trying to hide their doubts when obvious red flags popped up. Now, everyone involved expresses regret over their choices.
Shaving Makes Your Hair Thicker and Coarser
Salt Makes Water Boil Faster
Ailments are Caused by Humor Imbalance
A long time ago, doctors (and the general population) thought the body was made up of four humors. Those humors, when balanced, kept us healthy and happy. However, when one got out of whack, our bodies would respond by making us ill.
Babies Don’t Feel Pain
The Blonde Gene is Disappearing
Every few years, someone will run an article that claims the gene for blonde hair is disappearing. To make the hoax more credible, the story claimed that the World Health Organization declared that the last blonde person would be born in 2202. This study never existed. Thankfully, blondes aren’t going anywhere.
Vaccines Cause Autism
There is no scientific proof that vaccines cause autism. Much of this stems from a paper published in 1995 that showed a possible link between the MMR vaccine and autism. In 2004, it was discovered that the findings were false. Furthermore, investigations revealed that the author had been paid by attorneys that were suing the makers of the MMR vaccine. Exhaustive studies have since affirmed that there's no link between autism and vaccines.
Toilets Spin a Different Direction in the Southern Hemisphere
Humans Have Five Senses
It’s a misconception that humans only have five senses. While we do possess sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch, we also have a host of other senses that are rarely brought up. Some of these include balance, acceleration, proprioception, temperature, pain perception, and the sense of passing time.
Humans Evolved from Apes
Bats are Blind
Viruses can be Killed
The Cardiff Giant Existed
The Cardiff Giant was a petrified 10-foot man that was discovered in the 1860s by a tobacco farmer. He was exhausted with debates from Biblical literalists who believed giants walked the earth, so he had the giant carved out of stone and buried where Mormonism was founded. Once it was “discovered,” it made a huge splash in the news as a real giant.
There’s a Dark Side of the Moon
Scientific Theories are Merely Hunches
The Tasaday Tribe had Zero Contact with the Outside World
In 1971, a tribe called the Tasaday Tribe was found in the Philippines. It was claimed that they hadn’t had any contact with the outside world. The reality of the situation is that they had become culturally distinct due to limited contact, but visiting anthropologists discovered some of the members wearing Western clothes. It was promptly dismissed as a hoax.
The Sun’s Distance from Earth Causes Seasons
This one seems to make sense at first, but it’s a complete hoax. The Earth causes seasons as it tilts toward and farther away from the sun. When it does this, it creates an angle that makes a huge difference in temperature. When the Earth tilts toward the sun, it’s getting direct light, so it gets pretty hot and causes summer.
The Great Wall of China can be Seen from Space
Sunscreen Causes Cancer
This idea comes from Elizabeth Plourde, who is not a scientist. She came up with the idea that if sunscreen worked, the incidence of skin cancer would have decreased. Plourde claims to have seen “a tremendous and consistent rise” in skin cancer. Even if this were true, it doesn’t prove that sunscreen causes cancer.
The North Star is the Brightest Star
Your Lose Body Heat Fastest Through Your Head
Vitamin C Prevents Colds
Vitamin C is good for you, and no one can dispute that. What we can dispute is the hoax that vitamin C can prevent colds. Plenty of studies have shown that vitamin C in large doses won’t stop you from getting sick. Some studies have shown that large doses can help reduce severity and duration, but further research is necessary to prove this idea.